High blood pressure occurs when the pressure, which pushes the blood around the body, is increased.
To find out your blood pressure, the doctor will place an inflatable cuff around your upper arm and inflate it. 2 readings will be obtained as the cuff is slowly deflated. The systolic pressure which is the pressure when the heart contracts, and the diastolic pressure, when the heart relaxes.
Normal reading should be 120 to 140 mm of mercury for the systolic pressure. The normal for diastolic pressure is between 80 to 90 mm of mercury.
The problem with high blood pressure is that with prolonged exposure to high pressure, the blood vessels become narrowed. The organs such as heart, lung or kidneys become damaged. This will lead to heart attack, stroke or kidney failure.
High blood pressure has no symptoms. Therefore, it is only picked up when a doctor checks your blood pressure in the clinic. Once you are found to have high blood pressure or ‘hypertension’, you will need to make some lifestyle adjustment and start taking medicines to prevent stroke, heart attack or kidney failures in the future.